of speech l
The doctrine, born in
Ancient Athens, making the numerical
majority of an organized group take decisions binding the whole
group. This idea opposes minority-rule, dictatorship, monarchism and
imperialism. In Greece, only citizens were able to take seat in the
Assembly of Citizens. The "archon" and his eight assistants were elected
Democracy is the political orientation of those who favour direct government by the people.
Usually, this is watered-down to the rule of their elected representatives. In representative democracies, the
"old" minority-rule prevails. In the old days and still today, practical problems made ideal
democracy, namely ongoing referendum government, impossible. In the
future, a system of world-government may empower every citizen of planet Earth to "take
seat" in a permanent virtual world parliament ! Why not reward
those who show global responsibility often ? Then democracy will no
longer be "two-stepped", but truly a majority-rule. Of course,
today, for all practical purposes, this must still go hand in hand with some kind of
representative system. Due to our tribal nationalisms, a useless
"class of politicians", together with all their trappings, remain in place and try to maintain office.
As such, they hinder the advent of the Global Political System. For
where bureaucracy wins over political vision, the course of spaceship
Earth (Buckminsterfuller) remains uncertain.
Representational democracy is a political system in which the supreme
power lies in citizens who can elect people to represent them.
This flaw cannot be eliminated if (a) the masses are kept ignorant (hence
the importance of free speech, free study and
ongoing education) and (b) the infrastructure of global e-government is
The greatest challenge for democracy is to make sure the political class
in power is willing and able to implement decisive (and possibly
unpopular) laws, and this irrespective of their possible reelection.
Democracy without statemanship is plutocratic.